Mandragora officinarum – Mandrake

Mandragora officinarum – Mandrake
FAMILY: SolanaceaeGENUS: Mandragora SPECIES: Officinarum COMMON NAMES: Abu’l-ruh (Old Arabic, “master of the life breath”), Adamova Golowa (Russian, “Adam’s head”), Alrauinwortel (Dutch), Alrune (Swedish), Antimelon (“In The...

Aconitum ferox – Blue Aconite

Aconitum ferox – Blue Aconite
FAMILY: Ranunculaceae GENUS: Aconitum SPECIES: Ferox COMMON NAMES: Aconite, Aticish (Nepali, ‘very poisonous’), Bachnag (Persian), Bish (Arabic), Black Aconite, Blue Aconite, Himalayan Monkshood, Mithavis (Hindi), Monk’s Hood, Sman-chen (Tibetan,...

Veratrum album – White Hellebore

Veratrum album – White Hellebore
FAMILY: Liliaceae GENUS: Veratrum SPECIES: Album COMMON NAMES: White Hellebore, Elabro Bianco (Italian), False Hellebore, Gonos Aetou (Greek, ‘eagle’s chest or ‘summer bird child’), Kundush (Persian), Lagnion (Gaulish, ‘physician...

Rivea corymbosa – Ololiuqui

Rivea corymbosa – Ololiuqui
FAMILY: Convolvulaceae GENUS: Rivea/rivea SPECIES: Corymbosa COMMON NAMES: Aguinaldo (Cuba), Badoh (Zapotec), Badoh Blanco (‘white badoh’), Bejuco de San Pedro (‘vine of St. Peter’), Coatlxihuitl (Aztec, ‘snake plant’),...

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
What are MAOIs? MAOI stands for monoamine oxidase inhibitor.  In order to understand what an MAOI is, we must first understand what monoamine oxidase (MAO) is.  MAO is an enzyme which oxidizes, thereby breaking down, certain compounds to prevent them from reaching...